"Values and Morality can compensate for an intellectual and talent shortage, but talent and intelligence can never make up for lack of values and morality"
Basic Physical Geography

Understanding any subject requires a solid grip over its basics. A basic of any subject is not only about facts, not only about its content but understanding of the entire concept of what Geography is. The book "Basic Geography", is an attempt to help clear the concepts of Geography, as well as, help the students understand the content of all the basics one should know about Geography.

The book explains the concept of Basic Geography in the most simplified manner. It covers possibly all the topics that Physical Geography, Settlement Geography and Human Geography. The coverage of the topic is wide, comprehensive, and multidimensional presented in a simplified manner. The book uses a lot of tables and has numerous illustrations.

The book is also the only designed book on Physical Geography in India and also the most contemporary as well. The book is also the most profusely illustrated book with the largest number of coloured plates in any book on Physical geography in S Asia. The book is intended to be an authentic source for students preparing for Civil Services Examination form where they can answer almost all the questions are asked in GS Preliminary Exam. The book is designed taking into account all the contents of Delhi University’s newly revised curriculum of 4-year semester.


Contents of the Book





  1. History of the Earth
  2. The Materials that form the Earth
  3. Rocks
  4. Interior of earth
  5. Lithosphere and Crust
  6. Crust al Features: Mountains, Plains, Plateaus, Mountains
  7. Endogenetic movement
  8. Factors affecting landform forms
  9. Crustal features: Landforms
  10. Continental drift
  11. Plate tectonics
  12. Volcanism
  13. Earthquake
  14. Tsunami
  15. Exogenous forces: Denudation
  16. Surface Water and Processses
  17. Lake Basins
  18. Ground Water and Hydrogeology
  19. Karst Landforms
  20. Arid Landforms
  21. Marine/Coastal Landforms
  22. Glacial Landforms
  23. Applied Geology.


  1. The Atmosphere
  2. Composition of the Atmosphere
  3. Structure of the Atmosphere
  4. Insolation & heat budget.
  5. Temperature & temperature belts.
  6. Atmospheric Pressure & Pressure belts
  7. Winds & atmospheric circulation.
  8. Humidity, Stability and Instability
  9. Precipitation
  10. Air masses.
  11. Temperate and Tropical cyclones
  12. Anticyclones.
  13. Local winds and Urban climate.
  14. World Climatic Types
  15. Climatic change.
  16. Applied climatology.


  1. Oceans: An Introduction
  2. Oceans and Mankind
  3. Relief of the Ocean Floor
  4. Salt budget and Salinity.
  5. Ocean Currents
  6. Waves
  7. Tides
  8. Marine Environment
  9. Coral reef.
  10. Coral bleaching.
  11. Ocean deposits.
  12. Sealevel change.
  13. Law of Sea